Using the IF function in Excel can be very useful in a spreadsheet. The IF function will allow you to check if a condition you have set is true or false. You can use the IF function in a formula to give a result, depending on whether the data expressed in a cell meets the criteria.

For example, you could use the IF function in a spreadsheet of sales results and set the condition that if a salesman reaches a certain target, they will get a bonus. The IF function formula for the sales spreadsheet will look like this,**=****IF(A1>50000,”Bonus”,”No”)**

There are three parts of the IF function, the **logical test**, the **value if true** and the **value if false**, so the basic IF function will look like this,** =****IF(logical_test,value_if_true,value_if_false,)**

The** logical test** is the argument that you want the test for, is the number in the cell A1, greater than 50,000. For our example we use the **(>) Greater than** conditional operator.The **”Bonus****”** is if the **value is true** and **“No”** is if the **value is false**.

This is a basic IF function formula, but you can use other conditional operators in the formula.

**< Less than**

**>= Greater than or equal to**

**<= Less than or equal to**

**<> Not equal to**

In more complex IF function formulas, you are able to use a combination of these conditional operators.